When you go to buy fertilizers for your garden, you may often come across a series of numbers, such as 10-8-10, 20-20-20, or 10-10-10. You are not sure what these numbers mean because all of them apparently seem suitable for the plants in your garden. So what do those numbers represent? Well, they are NPK values that indicate the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium present in the fertilizer.
What is NPK in fertilizers?
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are three crucial elements that keep your soil healthy and allow your plants to grow properly. The numbers present in the series represent the concentration of these elements. Remember, the higher the number you see on the fertilizer, the more concentration of nutrients it contains. For example, if the fertilizer says 10-10-10, it means there is an equal concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. On the other hand, if it says, 20-10-5, it means the concentration of nitrogen is twice that of phosphorus and four times of potassium. Want to make npk granules? Go to https://organicfertilizermachines.com/npk-compound-fertilizer-granulation-equipment/
One of the reasons why the series of numbers in fertilizers is so important is that they help you calculate the percentage of nutrients that you need to apply to your soil. Suppose the fertilizer has a 10-10-10 ratio. Divide 100 by 10 to get the quantity of fertilizer to add to 1 pound of the respective nutrient. In this case, you will need to add 453.5 grams of the nutrient to 10 pounds of fertilizer. Similarly, a fertilizer with a 20-20-20 concentration will have 5 pounds of fertilizer and 1 pound of nutrients ratio.
Why are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium essential?
As already mentioned nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are essential nutrients that your soil needs to remain healthy and allow plants to grow properly. Here’s how they contribute to the soil.
Nitrogen – Nitrogen is responsible for leaf development as it plays a crucial role in chlorophyll production. Fertilizers that have high nitrogen content are suitable for plants that require more foliage growth instead of flowering. If the leaves of your plants are turning yellow, it’s a sign of nitrogen deficiency. It means you need to add a nitrogen-rich fertilizer to the soil.
Phosphorus – Phosphorus is responsible for three things: fruit development, flower development, and root growth. You need to use a phosphorus-rich fertilizer during spring because that’s the time when you see a lot of flowers growing in your garden.
Potassium – Potassium helps in the overall growth and health of the plants. It acts like the plants’ immunity booster as it strengthens their ability to resist various types of diseases. Potassium-rich fertilizer is essential in dry and cold weather conditions because the plants tend to dry up quickly. Interested in make npk fertilizer by your onw, go here.
Balanced fertilizers are those that have an equal concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Some people think that it is best to buy a balanced fertilizer, but that’s not always the case. You should check the quality of your soil before buying the fertilizer. If it is already rich in nitrogen, you may buy a fertilizer that has a slightly lower concentration of nitrogen.
Veteran gardeners test the soil before buying any type of fertilizer. This allows them to maintain an equal consistency of the nutrients in the soil that can help their plants grow better. Turnkey project soloutions on npk fertilizer production, welcome go to https://organicfertilizermachines.com/npk-fertilizer-manufacturing-process/